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Understanding Stelara Crohn Colitis: Symptoms and Treatment
Crohn colitis, or the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Crohn’s disease, is a chronic condition affecting the intestines. It is characterized by episodes of inflammation, intestinal pain, and other digestive problems. In some cases, traditional treatments such as lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery fail to adequately manage symptoms. Stelara, or Ustekinumab, is a biological therapy that has been approved for the management of moderate to severe Crohn’s disease in adults.
Crohn’s disease is among the diseases known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Symptoms can range from mild to severe, and vary from person to person. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and cramping, changes in bowel habits (diarrhea and constipation), rectal bleeding, fever, weight loss, and anemia. In the most severe cases, surgery may be needed to remove a diseased portion of the intestine.
Stelara is a biologic therapy that helps to suppress the immune system by targeting overactive signaling proteins called cytokines. The active ingredient in Stelara targets the cytokines that drive inflammation in the intestines. It is usually administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion or subcutaneous (under the skin) injection.
Studies have shown that Stelara can help control a patient's Crohn’s symptoms and reduce the number of flares in those who have not responded to traditional treatments or couldn’t tolerate them. It is approved for the treatment of moderate to severe Crohn’s disease in adults. In addition, it has been found to be effective in reducing the risk of surgery in people with Crohn's disease who are at risk for surgery.
It is important to note that Stelara is not a cure for Crohn's disease and people may still experience flares even while taking it. Side effects seen with Stelara include injection site reactions, rash, fever, and headache. Serious reactions may include a decrease in white blood cells, which can increase the risk of infection.
For those with Crohn's disease, Stelara can help manage moderate to severe symptoms and may reduce the risk of needing surgery. It is important to speak with your doctor before starting any new medication, and to discuss any risks and side effects. With treatment, people living with Crohn's disease may find better control of their symptoms and a more stable, quality of life.
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